James Cameron: Avatar sequels may be variable frame rate

AvatarSigourney

James Cameron tells European broadcasting company RTL that he’s deciding between making Avatar 2, Avatar 3, and Avatar 4 at variable frame rates (VFR), and making them at a single consistent frame rate:

“[We're] looking at high frame rate. I’m studying that. I haven’t made a final decision yet, whether the entire film will be made at high frame rate or parts of it. You know, we’ll be shooting at a native resolution of probably 4K and so then there should be a lot of true 4K theaters by then as well.”

I think VFR makes the most sense and I predict that’s what Cameron will choose for his Avatar sequel trilogy.  In fact, I think VFR makes the most sense for just about every movie: Why restrict yourself to a single frame rate when different scenes and shot types, or even distinct objects in a shot, may look better at different speeds?  Even if a filmmaker goes into a production with the idea that the movie will be at a single frame rate, it would be wise to keep all options open by capturing footage in a way that allows multiple frame rates to be extracted and layered over each other.

If Cameron does indeed choose variable frame rates, I’ll be very interested in the camera equipment and setup he uses.  Would he shoot all scenes at the same ultra-high frame rate using one particular camera type, and then extract different frame rates during the editing process (assuming the targeted rates are factors of the master frame rate)?  Or would he roll multiple cameras, each capturing at a different rate, for each shot?  Or something else completely?

Hopefully we’ll find out soon – Cameron and his team are currently developing the production pipeline software.  Knowing how he is going to shoot the movie would certainly make that process easier.

For more on the Avatar sequels’ current status, check out this article over at comingsoon.net

Avatar 2, 3, and 4 will release in December 2016, 2017, and 2018

Andy Serkis’ 48 fps Animal Farm will shoot later in 2014

animalfarm

Principal photography on Andy Serkis’ planned HFR, performance-capture adaptation of George Orwell’s Animal Farm is set to begin “in the middle to third quarter of next year”. Pre-visualization has been underway for at least a few months on the movie, which will be Serkis’ directorial debut.

Back in October 2012 Serkis spoke with The Hollywood Reporter about his plans to make Animal Farm at 48 fps:

“The wonderful thing about 48 fps is [how it handles] the integration of live action and CG elements; that is something I learned from The Hobbit,” Serkis said. “We are so used to 24 fps and the romance of celluloid … but at 48 fps, you cannot deny the existence of these CG creations in the same time frame and space and environment as the live action. It works incredibly well.”

We hadn’t had any news on Animal Farm since its announcement, so I’m glad to hear the project is going well – although there’s no update on whether the movie is still planned for 48 fps, or whether it’s been upgraded to 60 or 72 fps.

Serkis tells Screendaily that the film will be independently financed (financing has not yet been finalized) with a projected budget of $50 million. It will be the first project by Imaginarium, the performance-capture studio founded by Serkis and producer Jonathan Cavendish.

I’m excited for this: a performance-capture movie made by the guy who pretty much invented the art, and who is now quite experienced in directing, should be great. Serkis booked about 200 days of 2nd unit directing on The Hobbit, and is now directing pre-vis on Animal Farm from his trailer on the set of Dawn of the Planet of the Apes.

The cast will be announced once the business arrangements behind the film have been ironed out.

For more on Animal Farm, including recent advances in performance capture, check out the article at Screendaily.

Vizio “Reference” 4K TV’s will display at native 48 fps

Vizio Reference HFR

Good news from CES 2014:  Vizio’s forthcoming line of 4K TV‘s, dubbed the “Reference Series”, will be the first with the ability to show 48 fps content without 3:2 pulldown or any other type of meddling.

From Vizio’s press release:

For consumers who are passionate about content, the performance of the Reference Series also makes available two unique viewing modes: High Velocity Mode which enables the TV to display an ultra-fast 120 frames per second over HDMI, ideal for fast action video or gaming content, and Pure Cinema Engine for a true film-watching experience. With Pure Cinema Engine, the Reference Series presents films in their native 24 or 48 fps for the most authentic cinematic experience

This is very cool, even despite the strong possibility that 48 fps may not have much longer to live as a common format, since the Avatar sequels will likely be at 60, or perhaps even 72 fps.

As for HFR 4K sources, the only currently available solution as far as I know is RED’s REDRAY Cinema Player, which is listed at $1750 and is capable of 4K 3D at up to 60 fps.

The Blu-Ray Association began working on a 4K spec and associated disc/player technology about three months ago, but there’s no word yet on HFR capability.  They stated earlier this month that they predict consumer 4K blu-ray players and discs by the end of 2014.

X-Men: Days of Future Past will NOT get an HFR 3D release

XMenAfter many conflicting reports regarding whether X-Men: Days of Future Past would be given an HFR 3D release (most are in agreement that, at the very least, the movie was shot in such a way that a 48 fps version could be extracted), Bryan Singer has given an official denial to The Hollywood Reporter:

“Creatively, though, Singer decided HFR wouldn’t be right for his new X-Men outing, which takes place in 1973 and the present.  While he did use a Phantom 3D rig to shoot at 3,600 fps for effects sequences involving the super-speedy character of Quicksilver, he declined to use HFR for the bulk of the movie. “In The Hobbit, which takes place in a more fantastic environment, it brings a magic and brightness,” says Singer. “But the same effect that benefits The Hobbit might not benefit the look of the particular movie I’m making. Especially in the 1973 sequences, it might look a little too strange, slightly too vivid”

“I had concerns about how certain sequences would look, and there is also a cost factor in rendering the visual effects.”

The article points out the fact that Peter Jackson was able to absorb much of the cost of making the movies in high frame rate 3D due to the fact that he owns WETA.  James Cameron, who is friends with Jackson, will likely get a similarly good deal even though he isn’t a direct participant in WETA.

And knowing Cameron, he’ll likely be enthused to have the opportunity to be the first filmmaker to demonstrate the true, full potential of HFR 3D with his Avatar sequel trilogy, hopefully making it at least as popular as Avatar made 3D.

Warner Bros. distribution chief Dan Fellman is another HFR evangelist:

“Exhibitors who put it in were bullish on it, and audiences liked it…I think it’s getting better and better. While it certainly was a slow starter, it’s going to be a game-changer.”

Which upcoming Warner Bros. movies do you think might be made in HFR or HFR 3D? Potentially Batman vs. Superman in 2015?

Report: HFR 3D theater count doubles for Desolation of Smaug

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The number of theaters capable of projecting movies at high frame rates (48 fps, 60 fps) has nearly doubled since The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey arrived a year ago, according to The Wrap:

The studio is substantially expanding the number of theaters this time around. As many as 750 theaters will exhibit “The Desolation of Smaug” in the enhanced projection — up from roughly 450 theaters the first time.

Internationally, the increase in HFR 3D theaters is even more impressive, with Desolation playing on almost 2,500 screens, up from 1,669.

Warner Bros. has intentionally been very quiet about HFR 3D in the months and weeks leading up to Desolation‘s release. Last year, of course, discussion of AUJ’s 48 fps 3D was ubiquitous, with Peter Jackson, WETA and others writing articles and doing interviews about it, and with critics, movie/Hobbit fans, and tech enthusiasts all weighing in.

The response from critics leaned towards the negative, even though the great majority of movie fans seemingly either loved the experience outright or appreciated it while desiring improvements/tweaks.  So it makes sense to me that Warner Bros. wants the media’s focus to be on the movie and not its format this time (Peter Jackson told a reporter that “technology drove a lot of the reviews” of AUJ).

Press screenings for The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug have all been in standard, 24 fps 3D to prevent this.

I think this is a good thing – this year the talk regarding HFR 3D will almost all be from Hobbit fans, and not fogey critics.  I’m very much looking forward to reading people’s thoughts especially given rumors that Jackson has taken steps to mitigate the most` common complaints people has regarding AUJ’s HFR 3D.

I’d bet that the overall buzz will be very good for HFR 3D this time around, thereby building support and momentum for future high frame rate movies.  Last time the negative noise from 24 fps traditionalists (most professional movie critics) was just too loud, resulting in the specious and commonly parroted conclusion that the HFR 3D experiment was a failure, an d coloring reviews of the movie.

The Wrap’s story confirms what I had long suspected due to my observations of packed HFR 3D showings: that HFR 3D was in great demand, selling out theaters many weeks after opening night:

“With the original ‘Hobbit,’ we kept selling out of tickets for our high frame rate auditoriums,” Russ Nunley, a spokesman for Regal, said. ” There was a huge demand from moviegoers who wanted to see the film exactly the way director Peter Jackson shot it.”

Regal’s HFR 3D screen count has increased dramatically, going from 100 last year to almost 400 this year.

IMAX has doubled their worldwide HFR 3D screen count to 100+, IMAX Entertainment CEO Greg Foster tells The Wrap, adding that the number will rise since IMAX is still negotiating HFR 3D locations in China.

Official list of IMAX theaters that are HFR 3D capable

brnd_imaxlogo2925c_300dpiIMAX has posted a list of IMAX theaters that are capable of projecting HFR 3D content, but they take care to note that not all of these locations are guaranteed to be showing The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug in high frame rate 3D later this month:

“All playdates are pending. Please check with your local IMAX® theatre directly to find out if they will be showing the movie in HFR 3D.”

Here’s the full list of IMAX theaters “that are capable of projecting in HFR 3D for The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug”, as of December 5:

US/CANADA

Alberta

Scotiabank Chinook & IMAX – Calgary 

Alaska

Regal Tikahtnu Commons Stadium 16 & IMAX – Anchorage

California

Edwards Aliso Viejo 20 & IMAX – Aliso Viejo

AMC Burbank 16 & IMAX – Burbank

Regal Hacienda Crossings Stadium 21 & IMAX – Dublin

AMC Glendora 12 & IMAX – Glendora

TCL Chinese Theatres IMAX – Hollywood

Edwards Irvine Spectrum 21 & IMAX – Irvine

AMC Century City 15 & IMAX – Los Angeles

Edwards Ontario Palace Stadium 22 & IMAX – Ontario

Edwards Mira Mesa Stadium 18 & IMAX – San Diego

AMC Mercado 20 & IMAX – Santa Clara

AMC Del Amo 18 & IMAX – Torrance

Colorado

AMC Orchard 12 & IMAX – Westminster

AMC Westminster Promenade 24 & IMAX – Westminster

Delaware

Penn Cinema Riverfront & IMAX – Wilmington

Florida

AMC Altamonte Mall 24 & IMAX – Altamonte

AMC Aventura 24 & IMAX – Aventura

Regal Hollywood 16 & IMAX – Ocala

Regal Pointe Orlando Stadium 20 & IMAX – Orlando

Muvico Parisian & IMAX – West Palm Beach

Georgia

AMC North Point Mall 14 & IMAX – Alpharetta

AMC Avenue Forsyth 12 & IMAX – Cumming

Illinois

Navy Pier IMAX – Chicago

Regal City North Stadium 14 – Chicago

AMC Barrington 30 & IMAX – South Barrington

Kansas

AMC Studio 30 & IMAX – Olathe

Maryland

AMC Columbia 14 & IMAX – Columbia

Minnesota

Paragon Odyssey 15 IMAX – Burnsville

New Jersey

IMAX, Tropicana Casino & Resort – Atlantic City

AMC Loews New Brunswick 18 & IMAX – New Brunswick

AMC Garden State Plaza 16 & IMAX – Paramus

New Mexico

Regal Winrock Stadium 16 Theatre & IMAX – Albuquerque

Nevada

Regal Red Rock Stadium 16 & IMAX – Las Vegas

New York

AMC Loews 34th Street 14 & IMAX – New York

Regal Destiny USA Stadium 19 IMAX & RPX – Syracuse

Ohio

AMC Grove City 14 & IMAX – Grove City

Ontario

Landmark 10 Central & IMAX – Kingston

Cineplex Odeon Courtney Park & IMAX – Mississauga

Empire Empress Walk 10 Cinemas & IMAX – North York

Landmark Whitby 24 & IMAX – Whitby

Oregon

Regal Bridgeport Village Stadium 18 & IMAX – Tigard

Pennsylvania

UA King of Prussia Stadium 16 & IMAX – King of Prussia

Quebec

Mega-Plex Deux Montagnes 14 & IMAX – Duex-Montagnes

Mega-Plex Taschereau 18 & IMAX – Greenfield Park

Mega-Plex Marche Central 18 – Montreal

IMAX, Les Galeries de la Capitale – Quebec City

South Carolina

Regal Sandhill Stadium 16 – Columbia

Tennessee

Regal Pinnacle Stadium 18 & IMAX – Knoxville

Texas

AMC Northpark 15 & IMAX – Dallas

AMC Studio 30 & IMAX – Houston

Santikos Palladium IMAX – San Antonio

Utah

Megaplex 17 & IMAX Jordan Commons – Sandy

Virginia

AMC Hoffman Center 22 & IMAX – Alexandria

AMC Tyson Corner 16 & IMAX – McLean

Regal Short Pump Stadium 14 & IMAX – Richmond

Washington

IMAX Lincoln Square Cinemas – Bellevue

Regal Issaquah Highlands Stadium 12 & IMAX – Issaquah

Regal Cascade Stadium 16 & IMAX – Vancouver

INTERNATIONAL

Carousel Hoyts IMAX – Perth, Australia

Cineplexx Salzburg – Salzburg, Austria

Cineplexx IMAX Donauplex 13 – Vienna, Austria

Cinepolis JK Iguatemi Shopping Centre IMAX – Sao Paulo, Brazil

Cinestar Berlin Sony Centre (Potsdamer Plaz) – Berlin, Germany

Cinestar Karlsruhe – Karlsruhe, Germany

UA iSQUARE IMAX Theatre – Hong Kong

Cineworld IMAX Dublin – Dublin, Ireland

Skyline Multiplex & IMAX – Milan, Italy

Cinepolis Universidad – Mexico City, Mexico

Cinepolis Angelopolis Puebla & IMAX – Puebla, Mexico

Pathe Arena Amsterdam – Amsterdam, Netherlands

Pathe Eindhoven – Eindhoven, Netherlands

Event Cinemas Queen Street & IMAX – Auckland, New Zealand

SM Cinema Mall of Asia IMAX Theatre – Manila, Philippines

SM Aura Premier IMAX – Taguig City, Philippines

Shaw Theatres Lido & IMAX – Singapore

Ster-Kinekor Gateway IMAX – Durban, South Africa

CGV Wangsimni IMAX – Seoul, South Korea

CGV Sangam & IMAX – Seoul, South Korea

CGV Ulsan Samsan – Ulsan, South Korea

Formula Kino Piterland IMAX Sapphire – St. Petersburg, Russia

Formula Kino Gemchuzhina & IMAX (Pearl Plaza) – St. Petersburg, Russia

Cinema Pathe Balexert – Geneva, Switzerland

Vieshow Banqiao Mega City Mall IMAX – Banqiao, Taiwan

Miramar IMAX Theatre – Taipei, Taiwan

IMAX Central Festival Chiang Mai – Chiang Mai, Thailand

Central Festival Hat Yai & IMAX – Hat Yai, Thailand

Glasgow Science Centre IMAX Cinema – Glasgow, United Kingdom

Bluewater Shopping Centre – Kent, United Kingdom

Odeon IMAX Swiss Cottage – London, United Kingdom

Odeon Manchester IMAX @ The Printworks – Manchester, United Kingdom

ODEON Trafford Centre & IMAX – Manchester, United Kingdom

Cineworld Nottingham & IMAX – Nottingham, United Kingdom

Cineworld Sheffield & IMAX – Sheffield, United Kingdom

Many theaters still don’t know whether they will be showing Desolation of Smaug in HFR 3D

I’m getting many reports from people across the United States who have called their local theater asking if they will be showing The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug in HFR 3D (48 fps 3D), and gotten a response of ”we don’t know yet.”

In just about all of these cases the theater representative goes on to say that they aren’t sure whether Warner Bros. will be sending them the HFR 3D version of DOS, even if they did show An Unexpected Journey in HFR 3D last December.

Perhaps Warner Bros. wants a smaller number of theaters to offer the high frame rate version of DOS this year than offered it last year?  Or maybe they’re still crunching the numbers to figure out which HFR 3D locations were the most successful, and adjusting this year’s list of theaters accordingly?

In any case, it’s definitely annoying that many locations still haven’t confirmed one way or the other.

I’m curious to hear from more of you regarding your experiences in regards to finding a theater near you showing Desolation of Smaug in HFR 3D.  And if any theater owners/managers want to chime in, we’d really appreciate it!

Advance tickets for The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug available at 9am EST

***** Just a quick reminder that advance tickets for The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug go on sale today at 9:00 am EST. *****

Fandango.com and Movietickets.com are already marking some of the showings of The Desolation of Smaug as HFR 3D (high frame rate 3D) showings.  They will continue to mark HFR 3D screenings as we get closer to release day.

Most, if not all, of the theaters on the 48 fps theater list will be showing Desolation of Smaug in HFR 3D, since they all showed An Unexpected Journey in 48 fps last year.

I’ll be updating the list continuously – if you have any additions or corrections, please contact me at mstat1@gmail.com

Eminem’s video for The Monster is shooting at 48 fps!

Eminem48fpsTheMonsterI’m a huge Eminem fan, so I was happy to learn today that he’s in Detroit with Rihanna shooting a video for his single “The Monster”, which is currently smashing the charts. But when I clicked over to Eminem’s Instagram page and saw the above photo of the slate revealing that it’s being shot at 48 fps, my excitement increased tenfold.

Eminem24fpsRapGodThere’s no news yet on whether The Monster will be released at 48 fps. But director Rich Lee obviously chose that frame rate for a reason since his most recent video for Eminem (“Rap God”) was shot at the traditional 23.976, as you can see on the slate to the right.  He also shot Eminem’s video for “Not Afraid” back in 2010 at 24 fps.

The version of “The Monster” that will be on YouTube/VEVO will almost certainly be 30 fps, since for whatever reason YouTube still doesn’t support anything over 30 fps.

Unless….YouTube will be using this video to debut an upgrade enabling HFR videos!

This could very well be the case, as the Monster video will no doubt be hugely popular – Eminem and Rihanna’s last video together, Love the Way You Lie, has wracked up 623 million views. Youtube could hardly choose a better way to show off a new 48 fps playback feature.

The 48 fps could also be for some kind of album promotion where the music video would be played before trailers in theaters that support 48 fps.

Em and Rihanna on the set of 'The Monster'

Em and Rihanna on the set of ‘The Monster’

Or maybe none of this will happen, and they decided to shoot at 48 fps to future-proof it or because it will be packed with slow motion scenes.

In any event, I’ll dig into this and see what else I can learn.

“The Monster” (featuring Rihanna) from The Marshall Mathers LP 2 is currently skyrocketing up the charts. It’s #2 on today’s new Billboard Hot 100 list and widely expected to reach the top next week.

HFR Movies is now on Twitter!

HFR Movies is now on Twitter! Here’s our twitter page:

twitter.com/HFR_Movies

I’ll always tweet when a new article goes up.  And as we approach The Desolation of Smaug I’ll be tweeting about any new theaters that will be showing Desolation in 48 fps 3D.  I’ll also tweet any theaters that for some reason either are no longer HFR 3D capable or won’t be showing the second Hobbit movie in HFR 3D.

I’ll also use Twitter to liveblog from events like The Hobbit Fan Event and HFR-related conferences / trade shows, and to share my thoughts regarding any news – and whatever pops into my head!

A huge thanks to everyone reading this site, and for being such insightful, intelligent commenters.  And, importantly, thanks for helping to push the world towards a motion blur and judder-free utopia.

If you want to keep up with all things HFR, please follow HFR_Movies!